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The ethical challenges of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)
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The ethical challenges of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)

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Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD or PIGD) refers to genetic profiling of embryos prior to... mehr
The ethical challenges of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD or PIGD) refers to genetic profiling of embryos prior to implantation (as a form of embryo profiling). PGD has raised ethical issues, althoughthis approach could reduce reliance on fetal selection during pregnancy. The technique can be used for prenatal sex discernment of theembryo, and thus potentially be usedto select embryos of one sex in preference of the other in the context of “family balancing”. Second, PGD has the potential to screen for genetic issues unrelated to medical necessity,such as intelligence and beauty, and against negative traits such as disabilities. The medical community has regarded this as a controversial suggestion. The prospect of a “designer baby” is closely related to the PGS technique, creating a fear that the increasing frequency of genetic screening will move toward a modern eugenics movement.