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Astarte, Mistress of Horses, Lady of the Chariot: The Warrior Aspect of Astarte
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Astarte, Mistress of Horses, Lady of the Chariot: The Warrior Aspect of Astarte

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Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Scholarship since the 19th Century has emphazised the function of Astarte as a goddess... mehr
Astarte, Mistress of Horses, Lady of the Chariot: The Warrior Aspect of Astarte
Scholarship since the 19th Century has emphazised the function of Astarte as a goddess associatedwith fertility and sexuality, and – following classical authors – a cult of this goddess containing extatic und sexual rites. An unbiased look on the textual and iconographicrepresentations of Astarte however show that her primary function in the Late Bronze Age was as a goddess of war, apotropaicmagic, and healing in analogy to her more prominent sister Anat. In this function she was adopted into the pantheon of the Egyptian New Empire, securing Egyptian dominion overCanaan. In the 1st Milleniumher war-like character is not so obvious, but saw her rise from a second-tier goddess to a goddess closely associatedwith kingship. Nevertheless Astarte merged during the Phoenician west-expansion in the second part of the 1st Millenium with other goddesses of the Mediterranean, her function as a goddess of royalty and healing persisted.