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Afrikanische Intellektuelle und Aktivisten in Europa und die Dekolonisation Afrikas
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Afrikanische Intellektuelle und Aktivisten in Europa und die Dekolonisation Afrikas

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Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
This article examines to what extent the writings and activities of Africans based in Germany,... mehr
Afrikanische Intellektuelle und Aktivisten in Europa und die Dekolonisation Afrikas
This article examines to what extent the writings and activities of Africans based in Germany, France and Britain during the first six decades of the twentieth century have shaped the debates about colonialism and the end of colonial empires in Europe. Did the small number of Africans in Europe bear any influence on the process of decolonisation?Which African voices could be heard and what did they postulate? This is discussed based on the example of African students in Paris and London, poets cum politicians like Leopold Senghor or Pan-Africanists cum anthropologists such as Jomo Kenyatta. Actually, it is difficult to determine a direct influence of Europe-based African students and militants on the decisions of European colonial politicians. In any case, neither governments nor political parties and associations or the larger public listened much to what the former had to say. However, the stay in Europe provided numerous Africans with some sort of training ground which enabled them to establish larger, sometimes global networks, to formulate a critical view towards colonialism and to acquire political as well as ideological know-how which could be used back home in Africa to bring forward the project of anticolonial nationalism.