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Die Erfindung des Campesino
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Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Between 1910 and 1920, Mexico experienced a revolution in which the peasantry heavily... mehr
Die Erfindung des Campesino
Between 1910 and 1920, Mexico experienced a revolution in which the peasantry heavily participated. After the revolution, the successive governments of the state party in a clientelistic behavior tried to meet the demands of the rural population by redistributing land. The invention of the “campesino,” however, was not only a populist device, it was also the expression of a mentality which still clung to the values of an agrarian lifestyle although society as a whole turned away from agriculture. The rhetoric that revolved around the alleged importance of the “campesino” even intensified as Mexico’s urbanization accelerated and deagrarianization became more and more obvious. In this context, the article also assesses the role of indigenist institutes, which contributed to musealizing a way of life that was already doomed.