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Gezähmter Dschungel – industrialisierte Agrarwirtschaft – romantisierter Landloser
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Gezähmter Dschungel – industrialisierte Agrarwirtschaft – romantisierter Landloser

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Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Regardless of what the actuality of Brazil’s role as a global soft commodities supplier may be,... mehr
Gezähmter Dschungel – industrialisierte Agrarwirtschaft – romantisierter Landloser
Regardless of what the actuality of Brazil’s role as a global soft commodities supplier may be, the importance of the agrarian sector in the country’s economic structure has declined continuously in the last 100 years (GDP, employees). The increase in industrialization and urbanization was accompanied by deagrarianization. This left capital-intensive agribusiness enterprises producing for the global market and also left agricultural workers, who are only successful sporadically with demands for their own land. Simultaneously, rural communities and customs gained more and more importance culturally. In the 1920s, a search began for Brazil’s own roots in these ruralities. Urban elites tried to compensate for the loss of rural lifestyle by romanticizing the rain forests, indigenous people, {! Gaúchos}, {! Sertanejos} and the landless. In this way they intended to calm and musealize them. The diversity of Brazil made the mysticizing of a standardized figure such as the {! Gaucho} (Argentina), {! Cowboy} (USA), {! Campesino} (Mexico) or {! Bauer} (Germany) difficult.