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Technologische Innovation oder soziale Revolution?
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Technologische Innovation oder soziale Revolution?

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Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
The critical situation of China’s peasants today is the consequence of a long transition process... mehr
Technologische Innovation oder soziale Revolution?
The critical situation of China’s peasants today is the consequence of a long transition process from an agrarian to an industrial society. Owing to the enormous dynamics of China’s cities, peasants came to be invented as the backward part of the population and the countryside as an area that required modernization and reconstruction. Two approaches were developed, one stressing technological innovation and the other social revolution. After taking power, the Chinese Communists devised a strategy that integrated both approaches; at the same time, agriculture was subordinated to urban industrialization. From the late 1970s onwards, the new leadership unleashed the productive forces of the peasantry, yet proved unable to bridge the urban-rural divide. Deagrarianization, however, was not a linear process, but was marked by ruptures and contradictions.